Civil aviation manufacturing industry under China made 2025
Aviation industry as a reflection of a country's industrial strength, driven by "Industry 4.0" and "Made in China 2025", has undoubtedly become the core industry of national industrial manufacturing. The recently adopted "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" means more and greater opportunities for domestic and foreign aviation manufacturing enterprises. China is expected to remain the world's largest civil aircraft market in the future. The 2016 Civil Aviation Industry Forum and the 7th Aviation Manufacturing Series Forum took this opportunity to understand the development status of China's civil aviation manufacturing industry, discuss urgent problems and challenges encountered in the current stage of development, analyze the characteristics of global industrial development and Trends, combined with the current state of China's industry, put forward ideas for future development.
From May 11th to 12th, 2016, the 2016 Civil Aviation Industry Forum and the 7th Aviation Manufacturing Forum were successfully held in Shanghai. The forum was hosted by the China Aviation Academy, COMAC Shanghai Aircraft Design & Research Institute, COMAC Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Co., Ltd., AVIC Aircraft Co., Ltd. Xi'an Branch, AVIC Harbin Aircraft Industry Group Co. , Ltd. , AVIC Changhe Aircraft Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd. and AVIC Jincheng Nanjing Electromechanical Hydraulic Engineering Research Center, co-organized by Shanghai Guangyao Business Consulting Co., Ltd.
Chinese Intellectual Manufacturing
With China's economic development entering the new normal and driven by "Made in China 2025", China's manufacturing industry is facing a new internal and external situation. Jin Wei, the director of the Aviation Industry Research Office of the Equipment Industry Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, passed the background and content of Made in China 2025, China ’s aviation industry technology roadmap, and the development of China ’s aviation industry And prospects, relevant countermeasures and suggestions. He pointed out in the report: "From the perspective of Made in China 2025, we can see that there is a lot of room for development in the aviation industry. There are many options in the aviation industry, not only for manufacturing relatively low-value assemblies, but also for operations and high-value services. These are in line with the development trend of the manufacturing industry and the development path proposed by China Made in 2025. The development of China's aviation industry has begun in the 1950s. After self-development and international cooperation, it has now entered the stage of open development, such as ARJ21 successfully achieved The delivery of C919 also progressed smoothly. In addition to "Made in China 2025", the development of the aviation industry supported by the Chinese government is also reflected in the cooperation with international production capacity equipment manufacturing, the medium- and long-term development plan for the civil aviation industry issued in 2013, Five "plan, robot development plan, intelligent manufacturing development plan, including guidance for the integration of manufacturing and the Internet, as well as special projects, scientific research plans, etc."
With the help of information technology, Made in China will transform to intelligent manufacturing in China. "Made in China 2025" and "Smart Manufacturing" are two inseparable topics. Zheng Shuozhen, deputy chief director of AVIC Institute of Comprehensive Technology, launched his keynote report on the current status of intelligent manufacturing standardization, aeronautical intelligent manufacturing framework, and aeronautical intelligent manufacturing standard system framework and key directions-leading the orderly development of aviation intelligent manufacturing with standards . He pointed out that the model-based product development model has become an important means of aviation product development; the aviation industry adheres to the intelligent manufacturing research and development route based on the model-based development model. The aviation digital workshop is the core of product manufacturing and the concentrated embodiment of aviation intelligent manufacturing. At the same time, the digital workshop is the key direction of aviation intelligent manufacturing.
Song Jing, the director of AVIC Xi'an Institute of Automatic Flight Control, delivered a keynote speech on the topic of "Thinking about the Intelligent Manufacturing Construction of Complex Electromechanical Avionics Products" from the aspects of intelligent manufacturing cognition, construction necessity, advantages, thinking, schemes and roadmaps. . He said that we have planned a roadmap, from the workshop layer to the virtual environment layer to the equipment automation, basically in seven steps. First, the continuous improvement of lean production lines, combined with the advancement of AOS work, and continuous optimization, structure, refinement, and parameterization of the manufacturing process, laying a solid foundation for intelligent manufacturing production lines. The second step is the overall design of the demonstration line. The third step is to transform the equipment. The fourth step is to break through the key of intelligent manufacturing. Relying on the Group's Intelligent Manufacturing Innovation Center to break through the key technologies and supporting technologies of intelligent manufacturing and clear the obstacles for the implementation of the entire production line. The fifth step is the reconstruction and construction of the information system. With the requirements of intelligent manufacturing, it is necessary to restructure or rebuild all current information systems, build a model-based virtual process simulation platform and other processes, dynamically sense real-time information on the scene, improve production performance, dynamically allocate resources, and maximize production capacity. The sixth step is to transform the logistics system. The intelligent logistics system is timely modified according to our batches and according to demand. It is not to change all into an automated logistics intelligent system. The seventh step is comprehensive integration to form a complete intelligent manufacturing capability.
Aviation industry "ABC"
Two spokespersons from COMAC R & D Center and Boeing Finance Company gave keynote speeches on topics such as the dream of the Chinese civil aircraft and Boeing Finance's business development strategy in China. Shao Guangxing, deputy director of the COMAC R & D Center, said in his lecture on "Holding New Opportunities for Development and Creating the Dream of Chinese Civil Aircraft", China is in a period of great transformation from a "big civil aviation country" to a "strong civil aviation country", and its economy is growing. The average number of annual flights per person has tripled in ten years, the fleet size has continued to increase, and the passenger turnover rate has continued to accelerate. The huge market demand has given birth to the strategic opportunities of China's civil aviation industry. Our civil aviation industry should continue to grasp and make good use of this important period of strategic transformation to promote the comprehensive development of China's civil aviation industry. Immediately afterwards, Jennifer WANG, senior director of Boeing Finance, introduced the scope of Boeing Finance in his speech; how Boeing views the development and demand of the future aviation market; and Boeing's analysis of the current market environment. In addition, Airbus China also participated in this forum and actively interacted with the speakers and participated in the Q & A session of the keynote speech many times.
As a major innovation model of this forum, Alexander CHIRKOV, Chief Commissioner of the Purchasing Department of Russia United Aircraft Corporation and Klaus MUELLER, ICF International Senior Consultant, presented a wonderful and focused dialogue. Alexander CHIRKOV asked: "Cost of the aviation industry is relatively high. What will the future cost structure and cost model look like? For example, we have some cooperation with China on C919. What will happen to the future cost model? Mr. Klaus MUELLER replied: "Transparency of costs is of paramount importance. As far as I am concerned, the first point is that companies need to control their own costs. If you do not understand or lack control over your costs, then It is problematic. We need to better understand our new materials, new technologies and new production capabilities, new manufacturing capabilities and processes, and new technologies and processes that can really bring about great leap forward progress. 3D printing should be very Promisingly, 3D printing can now help us achieve completely different designs from the traditional, and the aviation industry also has some good application examples. We need to use new technologies such as 3D printing more widely, and we need more systematic knowledge To use it to enhance the overall design. "
Aircraft Systems Sub-Forum
On the second day of the forum, the "Aircraft Systems Sub-forum" was held at the same time. Zhang Jianbo, director of the Hydraulic Design Research Department of COMAC Shanghai Aircraft Design and Research Institute, stated in his lecture "Current Status and Prospects of Airborne Hydraulic / Landing Gear System of Modern Commercial Aircraft in China" that the future development of hydraulic / landing gear system will become high-pressure and intelligent Technology, multi-electricity technology, higher system integration. Among them, the multi-point technology changed the traditional aircraft design concept, replacing some of the original hydraulic, pneumatic, and mechanical drive systems with electric systems, so that the aircraft's secondary power was distributed as much as possible in the form of electricity. Subsequently, the second-level expert Wang Jinzhang from AVIC Shaanxi Aviation Electric Co., Ltd. delivered a speech on the topic of "Development Challenges and Countermeasures of Anti-jamming Control Technology for Domestic Aviation Power System". He introduced: "Electromagnetic interference is the invisible killer of civil aircraft on-board equipment or even the entire aircraft. Therefore, when facing various EMI generated by complex electromagnetic environments, effective measures should be taken to improve the anti-interference of on-board equipment. Capabilities to ensure the reliability and safety of the entire aircraft. "
In the afternoon of the first day of the forum, the topic was "The impact of the economic environment on the demand of the air transport market-how to optimize the aircraft selection process to help aircraft manufacturers and air service providers achieve a win-win situation?" Moderated by Mr. Bai Guangyuan, the editors are Li Junming, Chief Engineer of China Eastern Airlines Technology Co., Ltd., Xu Kang, General Manager of Purchasing and Security Department of Spring Airlines Co., Ltd., Jennifer WANG, Senior Director of Boeing Finance Corporation, and Yang Yang, Director of COMAC Research Center. On this topic, the panel discussion guests have developed their insights. Yang Yang, director of the COMAC Market Research Center, talked about the immature model of domestic aviation operations. Although China's trunk market is developing well, China's branch market is still in the exploratory stage. At present, domestic airlines are more inclined to buy large aircraft such as A320 or B 737 , and ignore the demand for regional aircraft. It is expected that regional aircraft will be used in the regional market that is most suitable for its operation. Jennifer WANG, senior director of Boeing Finance Company, analyzed the financing problems of airlines when they purchased 19 777 aircrafts in 2001. Air China and Boeing Finance talked about the implementation of funds from the time of ordering the aircraft. Through the guarantee of the US Export-Import Bank, bonds were issued in the United States and 9 aircraft financing was raised, which basically solved the needs of all the funds in the first and second years of Air China. . It is an important impetus for airlines. In the future, do n’t worry about having funds in place. As a buyer, Li Junming, chief engineer of Eastern Airlines Technology Co., Ltd. responded to the question of "how to treat airlines to introduce large aircraft": "The introduction of large aircraft is mainly based on the positioning and capabilities of the airline. The introduction of large aircraft is important for airline operations. There are certain requirements in terms of capacity, control ability, and market. If the scale is not large, and the location and market control of the airline are not in place, the introduction of large aircraft is not an ideal decision to some extent. "Spring Airlines Xu Kang, general manager of the Purchasing and Security Department of the Company, added: "The choice of aircraft must meet the business model of the airline. The so-called business model is reflected in the first, what are the characteristics of the market target, operating area and customer group. In China, there must be some compulsory restrictions on the operation of airlines. For example, takeoff, landing, and time, these are more characteristic standards in China. I also call on the government to pay more attention to private airlines. Third, the future Development, airlines must not be limited to the introduction at this stage, The next development-domestic regional expansion. Fourth, the profit model. These four business models determine whether airlines will choose wide-body, narrow-body or regional. "
This forum lasted for two days and attracted nearly 150 domestic and foreign aircraft design and aircraft components through keynote speeches, group discussions, focus dialogues, interactive exchanges, exhibitions, one-to-one business negotiations, and e-commerce platforms. Leaders and experts from manufacturing units discuss issues such as international cooperation in civil aircraft projects, establishment of a supplier system, certification of airworthiness of aircraft and systems, pilot projects in intelligent manufacturing, informationization in the aviation industry, and future development trends of multi-electric aircraft.
It is reported that the "Civil Aviation Industry Forum" will be renamed as the "Civil Aircraft Industry Forum" from June 2016 (that is, the next forum) and an organizing committee will be established to better establish a long-term exchange in the civil aviation manufacturing industry. Cooperation platform. At present, the main bodies of the organizing committee are: COMAC Shanghai Aircraft Design and Research Institute, COMAC Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Co., Ltd., AVIC Aircraft Co., Ltd. Xi'an Aircraft Branch, AVIC Harbin Aircraft Industry Group Co., Ltd., and AVIC Changhe Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. In the future, members of the organizing committee will plan to add AVIC Chengfei Civil Aircraft Co., Ltd., AVIC Shenfei Civil Aircraft Co., Ltd., AVIC Jiangxi Hongdu Commercial Aircraft Co., Ltd., Airbus (China) Co., Ltd., and Boeing (China) ) Ltd., United Aircraft Corporation and other 14 units.